The Islamic Republic of Iran has an area of 1,648,195 km2. Iran is located in Western Central Asia. The area commonly referred to as the Middle East. Its capital is Tehran. Iran was geographically known as Persia till as recently as the twentieth century. In the North and Northwest, it is bordered by the Caspian Sea, Azerbaijan (not Azerbaijan Province), Armenia and the autonomous Nakhichevan enclave. To the West lie Turkey and Iraq. Its southern boundaries extend to the scenic shores of the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman. It is close to Afghanistan and Pakistan in the East and Turkmenistan to the Northeast.
In Speech of Iranian Society And Culture
80 million (2017 est.) Iranian make up the population of the country. The majority of them speaks in Persian (Farsi) but Several other languages are existing in a minority like Kurdish, Armenian, Turkish, Arabic, et al. As you might know, Iranian peoples, are famous for their hospitality and kindness. They are also religious people. These have contributed to the belief that guests are God’s friends. There are several religions in Iran yet the most common one is Islam. In terms of family value, the concept of family is more private than in many other cultures. Female relatives must be protected from outside influences.
About Taarof (Iranian Politeness)
There is a well-known issue among Iranian culture that is Taarof. Taarof is a system of politeness that includes both verbal and non-verbal communication. Iranians protest compliments and attempt to appear vulnerable in public. They will belittle their own accomplishments in an attempt to appear humble, although other Iranians understand that this is merely courtesy and do not take the words at face value. In adherence to taarof, if you are ever offered something, like a tea or sweet, even if you want it, at first declined it until their insistence becomes greater.
Currency In Iran
The official currency of Iran is the Iranian Rial. Super-units of 10,000 (Toman) are divisible into subunits of a Dinar. USD, Euros, GBP and other currencies can be exchanged for Rial throughout Iran. According to the IATA, any amount exceeding 10,000 USD must be declared upon arrival as is standard when entering most countries. Expenses such as dining and transportation are surprisingly affordable in comparison with Western economies. Accommodation rates may vary according to location, amenities, and level of service provided.
Different Climates In Iran
Climatically, Iran is a land of for seasons. Standing at the vicinity of Europe, Mediterranean Sea, African Sahara Desert, Indian ocean, Mountains and inland heights of Asia, and many other parameters have blessed Iran with a variety of climates. Iran’s various climate allows for an amazing array of leisure and adventure activities. Skiing and extreme snow sports, scuba diving and snorkeling, ecotourism and safari are all within a short distance of each other.
Tourism Industry In Iran
According to the World Tourism Organization Iran ranks tenth country in the world for ancient tourist attractive landscapes. Tourist information is available in English at many hotels and cultural attractions. Many Iranian people can speak in English. Iran is the safest in the region and the world for foreign travelers. Tourism has had impressive growth since the last four decades. There are different sorts of tourist attraction not popular in other countries. For Example, cultural sites, natural landscapes, numerous historical monuments, travel for medical treatment and pilgrimage of holy shrines or grave of the saints. Besides its many historical buildings and monument, Iranians have had an eight-year suffering war. There are many places previously that peoples have used as war fronts and collective graves. Nowadays there are a lot of ruins due to that devastating war which can attract visitors.
Introduction Do you want to see a house with shining walls and ceilings? Let us take you to a house with an exclusive architecture and design that you cannot find anywhere else. Somewhere that you get to walk in a garden with a big pond in the middle with fountains and you are surrounded by flowers, date palms and sour orange trees. This place is not imaginary and you are not dreaming. Narenjestan-e Ghavam is not just a historical site. It is better to say that it’s the house of mirror work and art. Narenjestan-e Ghavam, also known as Ghavam House, is one of the most remarkable buildings that was built in Qajar dynasty, by Ali Mohammad Khan-e Qavam-ol-Molk. History of the House Qavam-ol-Molk was a merchant and the ruler of Fars at the time and he built this place between the years 1879 and 1886 for himself but then it became bigger and turned to a big beautiful building with a great garden of sour orange (Narenj in Persian). Since then it became popular because of this magnificent garden and instead of Ghavam House, everyone called it Narenjestan (garden of sour orange). This building was a suitable place for upper-class families during the 19th century. During the Pahlavi era, this house became the Pahlavi University of Asia Institute which was directed by Arthur Pope and Richard Frye. This fascinating building was used as a courthouse, a place for governmental meetings, department of Asia institute of Shiraz university and now it is a museum. The Enchanting Garden The beauties of this UNESCO world heritage site starts from its entrance. The bricks around the door are decorated with verses of the Quran and a poem of an Iranian poet named Asudeh Shirazi, which is about the garden and its builder. The moment that you step into the garden, you will see a big fountain in the middle that starts from the entrance and goes on in front of the main building. On each side of the fountain, colorful flowers and trees of bitter orange add to the wonders of this house. The remarkable Narenjestan gives you a wonderful feeling because of the smell of the trees blossom, especially in spring. Buildings of the Ghavam House The garden consists of three buildings on different sides. The main building has two floors, a basement and a big porch which is decorated with mirrors and paintings. The building is well embellished by elegant mirrors, colorful tiles and wood works. All the doors and windows in this building are made with walnut wood and the glasses look like a rainbow. However, it is worth mentioning that all the walls are decorated with mirrors. As you walk in, you will just turn around yourself to see this amazing place. The reflection of the mirrors will grant you a spectacular impression. The method of uniformity is noticeable in the rooms of this building from the floors to the ceilings. They are all covered with colorful and graceful designs and the remarkable paintings which resembles the paintings of Victorian era in Europe and it was used in Qajar era.